Archive January 17, 2023

How CBD Oil Is Made – The CBD Manufacturing Process

How CBD Oil Is Made - The CBD Manufacturing Process

CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol. It is one of numerous chemical compounds discovered in hemp and marijuana plants. CBD oil is a supplement that may be added to a wide range of items, including lip balm, lotion, beverages, and gummies.

CBD oil is made by extracting cannabidiol from hemp or marijuana plants’ blooms and buds. Cannabis sativa is classed as hemp or marijuana based on the amount of THC, the chemical that causes a high when taken, in it.

It is technically hemp if the sativa plant has less than 0.3 percent THC. Marijuana is defined as any plant that has greater than 0.3 percent THC.

Related: The Importance of Carrier Oil for Cannabidiol CBD

Because hemp contains more CBD and is legal in all 50 states, it is commonly used for CBD extraction. However, how is CBD taken from the plant? The procedure varies depending on the CBD manufacturer.

Primary Methods of Making CBD Oil

There are numerous methods for extracting CBD from plants, each with varying degrees of safety and efficiency. It’s critical to understand the distinction because how CBD is extracted influences the quality and efficacy of the finished product. This post will go over the many ways to produce CBD oil.

The CO2 Process

Carbon dioxide, or CO2, is one of the more prevalent extraction processes for CBD oil. This system makes use of CO2’s ability to behave as a gas, solid, and liquid. For CO2 extraction, closed-loop extractors are most typically utilized.

The procedure begins with a solid chunk of CO2 in one chamber, which is then pumped into a second chamber containing cannabis material. The second chamber is kept at a pressure high enough that the CO2 remains liquid-like and absorbs the plant’s oils and tastes.

The CO2-cannabinoid combination is then poured into a third chamber, where it returns to a gas form, leaving the plant’s oil and taste behind. When done correctly, CO2 extraction produces some of the cleanest cannabis extracts. However, because of the high cost of equipment and the steep learning curve, this is not always the case.

When done correctly, CO2 extracted CBD oil is among the purest in the world, but there is plenty of possibility for error when done in less-than-ideal conditions. Because of the risk of error, subcritical CO2 extraction is mostly used by “boutique” CBD companies.

The Ethanol Process

Another popular extraction method is ethanol extraction, which is safe, easy, and effective. High-grade grain alcohol (ethanol) is utilized as a solvent in this procedure to isolate CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant itself.

Ethanol extraction may be performed in either warm or cold temperatures and is believed to be particularly time-efficient when compared to other CBD extraction procedures, such as CO2 extraction.

This approach produces CBD oil that is commonly used in vape pen cartridges and other items. This extraction procedure, however, removes the cannabis plant waxes, which may offer health benefits that some product manufacturers prefer.

Using Liquid Solvents

The concept of employing a liquid to absorb CBD oil from the cannabis plant extends beyond CO2 and ethanol. Butane, hexane, and isopropyl alcohol are examples of naturally liquid compounds. A liquid solvent is poured through decarboxylated hemp to remove cannabinoids and terpenes, similar to the CO2 or ethanol extraction processes.

Liquid solvent extraction is a less expensive and simpler method of extracting CBD oil, and it is simple to scale for commercial production, but it has drawbacks.

Because not all solvents can remove all contaminants, plant chlorophyll may remain in the oil, giving it a greenish tint and a bitter taste. To avoid contaminants, a CBD manufacturer must adapt the procedure as needed. Because many of the liquid solvents employed are very flammable, this procedure is potentially more hazardous than others.

The Oil Infusion Method

Oil infusion is one of the oldest methods of obtaining CBD oil, and it is still used by many home growers and producers today. It is one of the simplest methods, but it has certain disadvantages.

The plant material must first be decarboxylated or heated to a precise temperature to activate the chemicals before beginning oil infusion. The plant material is mixed with olive oil or a similar carrier oil and cooked for a few hours at 100 degrees Celsius.

Because olive oil cannot evaporate from CBD oil, one of the key disadvantages is that much more oil is utilized in comparison to the amount of liquid solvents used in their processes.

How CBD Oil Is Made - The CBD Manufacturing Process

Secondary Methods

Because some of the preceding methods produce impure CBD oil from the medical cannabis sativa plant, many manufacturers choose for one or both of the secondary processes listed below to further purify their product.


Winterization is the process of eliminating unwanted components from oil to produce best cbd oil. After the oil has been removed, it is blended with 200 percent alcohol and aggressively mixed until thoroughly combined.

The alcohol thins the crude oil by allowing the desired portions of the crude to dissolve in the alcohol while the undesirable elements congeal and freeze, allowing them to be filtered out.

 The combination is subsequently placed in a deep freezer at temperatures below zero. After it has frozen overnight, it appears hazy and is ready for filtration. The filter eliminates lipids and other undesirable elements.

The oil and alcohol combination is poured into paper-filter-lined receptacles. The CBD oil remains in the alcohol solution and travels through the filter, catching the undesirable frozen portions.

When the oil has reached the desired quality, the combination can be heated to the boiling point of alcohol, which is lower than that of CBD oil, to remove the alcohol. The alcohol evaporates, leaving behind the CBD oil.


A procedure known as short path distillation is used to purify CBD oil further. This approach makes use of the fact that different CBD oil constituents have varied boiling points.

Short path distillation begins by gradually heating the CBD oil until unwanted compounds like terpenoids, flavonoids, and impurities begin to boil off. A vacuum is sometimes employed to separate vapors with lower boiling points.

The resulting vapors pass via a distillation tube until they reach cooling coils, where they condense and drip into a separate collection container. The process is repeated until only pure CBD oil remains in the original container.


The basics of what cannabidiol CBD is and how CBD from medicinal cannabis plant is made are outlined above. Following the production of the oil itself, distribution devices such as vials and bottles, as well as vape cartridges and other mechanisms, must be produced. Of course, the production process includes much more, such as CBD product packaging.

CBD oil and hemp oil has been used consistently in the treatment of conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety disorders, cancer treatment, multiple sclerosis, post traumatic stress disorder, and for other health benefits. To know more about buying CBD oil in Australia and other hemp seed oil benefits, you should book a consultation session with a professional from Chronic Therapy today.

The Importance of Carrier Oil for Cannabidiol CBD

The Importance of Carrier Oil for Cannabidiol CBD

Looking at the label of your CBD oil, you’ll notice that it contains more than just the hemp plant extract. CBD oils, as the name implies, also contain an oil, which is typically some sort of vegetable oil or vegetable glycerine.

CBD oil has been used consistently used in the treatment of conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety disorders, cancer treatment, multiple sclerosis, post traumatic stress disorder, and for other health benefits. To know more about buying CBD oil in Australia and other hemp seed oil benefits, you should book a consultation session with a professional from Chronic Therapy today.

These oils serve a vital function in that they aid in the delivery of the active component — in this case, CBD — to the body.

There are numerous carrier oils utilized in CBD products, including coconut, MCT, palm, olive, avocado, hemp seed, sesame, and grape seed oil, each having their own set of benefits and drawbacks.

We’ll go over all you need to know about carrier oil selection in this article. We discuss MCT, olive, hemp seed, grape seed, and glycerine, as well as their benefits and drawbacks. So, let’s get started.

What are Carrier CBD Oil?

A “carrier oil,” as the name implies, transports CBD and other phytochemicals. It’s a straightforward answer. The carrier oil serves as a solvent, dissolving the hemp plant’s components and making them easier to use.

This is not a new concept for CBD products. The same idea applies when producing Kool-aid by dissolving the flavored powder in water or when making soapy water to wash dishes with.

The only difference is that instead of water, fat is employed. This is due to the fact that cannabinoids are soluble in oils and fats rather than water.

What is the Importance of CBD Carrier Oils?

Carrier oils are utilized for three main reasons. Let’s go over each one in greater depth.

1. CBD Absorption is Improved by Carrier Oils

One of the primary reasons CBD oil makers dilute hemp components such as CBD in a carrier oil is to increase gastrointestinal absorption. CBD is a fat-soluble chemical, thus this works.

This is significant because the body has two distinct methods for absorbing compounds: a water-soluble channel and a fat-soluble one. All of this occurs at the microvilli, a functional unit of the digestive tract (pictured below).

Water-soluble substances, such as most amino acids, carbohydrates, and minerals, can pass easily through the stomach lining into the bloodstream. They are then transferred around the body. Water-soluble compounds penetrate the red part beneath the surface in the diagram above (the blood).

Fat-soluble compounds, on the other hand, such as medical CBD oil, cannot enter the bloodstream. They must first be bundled into micelles, which are tiny droplets. These micelles are then transported into the fatty lymph tissue, which is a network of fat-based chemicals and immune cells.

They subsequently pass via the lymphatic system and enter the bloodstream right above the heart. The lymph is represented by the green tubes in the diagram above (called lacteals). These lacteals transport CBD (as well as other cannabinoids) to the lymphatic system.

In order to absorb lipids in this manner, a sequence of enzymes in the digestive tract must break down the fat molecules and transform them into micelles. When we eat fat, taste receptors in our mouth transmit signals to the digestive tract, instructing it to prepare these enzymes.

When we consume CBD in conjunction with other fats, it helps prime the body for this impact, signaling the rest of the body to prepare for fat absorption, effectively increasing the amount of CBD the body can absorb.

2. Carrier Oils Make Dosing Easier

The difference between 5 mg and 50 mg of pure CBD crystals is negligible – 50 mg of this highly refined CBD source is around the size of a match head.

Obtaining precise amounts such as 7.5 mg necessitates the use of a precision scale and cannot be done reliably with the naked eye. We require specialized equipment for this, which is just out of reach for the majority of CBD users.

The remedy is to first dilute the CBD crystals into a carrier oil in a consistent amount, such as 100 mg, 300 mg, 600 mg, or 1000 mg CBD per bottle, as specified on most CBD oils.

The bigger volume of CBD-infused oil is much easier to measure from here. Counting the drips of oil or measuring the fluid in a measuring spoon yields the same 50 mg dose. It dramatically improves the accuracy and consistency of CBD dose.

3. Carrier Oils Provide Additional Health Benefits

Many carrier oils have their own set of health benefits. Coconut oil, for example, is well known for its antibacterial and antifungal effects, and it may help raise HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels. In addition, olive oil is said to lower the risk of heart disease in additional ways.

Other carrier oils provide antioxidant properties, a tiny amount of energy to the body, and healthy omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.

Of course, most of these advantages would necessitate considerably higher concentrations of the carrier oil. Effective dosages of these lipids often start around 10 mL and go up from there. Depending on the potency of the oil, the dose of CBD oil might range from 1 to 10ml.

Common Carrier Oils Used for Making Medical Cannabis Derived CBD

Different CBD manufacturers employ various carrier oils, and some even combine multiple carrier oils in the same product to create a unique mixture.

MCT oil (medium-chain triglyceride oil) is by far the most frequent carrier oil used to produce hemp oils – but there are several CBD carrier oil options.

Let’s go over the five most prevalent carrier oils used for CBD from medicinal cannabis sativa plant and analyze the benefits and drawbacks of each.

●       Hemp Seed Oil (Not Hemp Oil)

●       MCT (Medium Chain Triglyceride) Oil

●       Olive oil

●       Grape Seed Extract

●       Glycerine from Vegetables

What is the Best CBD Carrier Oil?

Many CBD companies claim that their carrier oil is the best available. Many businesses, for example, claim that MCT oil is superior to other options, while others suggest that high-LCT oils, such as olive oil, are superior.

The bottom line is that there is insufficient evidence to show that one carrier oil is superior to another. As it stands, any carrier oil is adequate for dissolving CBD and preparing it for absorption by your body.

And if you are asking yourself right now how to buy CBD oil derived from cannabis sativa plant, Chronic Therapy is here to help you. Just get in touch!

Related: How CBD Oil Is Made – The CBD Manufacturing Process